Nebraska Marijuana Laws

While Nebraska has shown potential for easing cannabis laws in the past, recreational and medical marijuana continues to be illegal. The state has, however, decriminalize small possession.

Recreational Marijuana in Nebraska

In a progressive move, the state of Nebraska has decriminalized the possession of a small amount of marijuana. First offense possession of 1 ounce or less of marijuana is subject to an infraction and punishable by a fine of up to $300 and a possible drug education course.

The leniency ends there in the state of Nebraska. Second offense possession of up to 1 ounce is a misdemeanor, but carries just a $400 fine and up to five days in jail. Third offense possession is also a misdemeanor and subject to up to a week in jail and a fine of up to $500. Possession of greater amounts is punished more seriously, with up to a pound being charged as a misdemeanor, punishable with up to 3 months in jail and a $500 fine. Possession of more than a pound is a felony, punishable with up to 5 years of jail time and a $10,000 fine.

Medical Marijuana in Nebraska

Unfortunately, the state of Nebraska is yet to approve any medical marijuana laws. A medical marijuana initiative to amend the state’s constitution to legalize marijuana for patients with debilitating medical conditions failed to acquire the necessary signatures to make the November 2016 ballot. In 2015, the Legislature introduced a medical marijuana bill, LB 643, but the session ended without the lawmakers taking any action. Since that time the makeup of the Senate has fewer medical marijuana supporters and Gov. Pete Ricketts has been a vocal opponent to medical marijuana in the past.

CBD from Hemp Oil in Nebraska

Consumption of CBD hemp oil is federally legal, as CBD hemp oil falls under the same importation and commerce laws as other hemp products. Nebraska has no further laws in place specifically related to CBD (cannabidiol) from hemp oil, so residents can buy and use CBD hemp oil legally and without the need for a prescription.

Cultivation of Cannabis in Nebraska

The personal cultivation of hemp or marijuana is prohibited in Nebraska. However, in 2014, Nebraska lawmakers passed LB 1001 to classify industrial hemp as an agricultural product. Under the law, cannabis with less than 0.3% THC is considered industrial hemp and exempt from the state’s controlled substances act. The policy also gives the Department of Agriculture and universities the ability to cultivate hemp as part of a pilot program.


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